First Aid for Cats and Dogs

What Should You Have On Hand For A Pet First Aid Kit?

How to treat injured pet
Having a first aid kit for pets is essential to any pet owner and it can make a great difference in the case of an emergency. A well-provisioned pet first aid kit will make you ready to deal with a medical emergency. You should have this kit in the house and fully stocked with supplies at all times, keep it right where you keep your family’s first aid kit. The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) suggest that pet owners have a pet first kit with the following items:

• Phone numbers. Keep the phone number of at least two emergency veterinary clinics in your area and the Animal Poison Control Center (888-426-4435).

• Your pet's medical record. Your pet’s medical record should include all the vaccinations that your dog or cat has received, information about any previous allergic reactions and the medications that he/she is currently taking or has received in the past.

• Gauzes. You can use them to wrap wounds or to muzzle a wounded animal.

• Nonstick bandages. These will become handy to control bleeding.

• Towels or strips of clean cloth. You can use towels to clean a wound or to wrap your pet in case he/she is suffering from hypothermia.

• Adhesive tape. Use adhesive tape to secure bandages and wraps. Human bandages are not recommended for pets.

• Milk of magnesia and/or activated charcoal. These products can absorb certain poisons if they were ingested recently. You should contact your veterinarian or poison control center before inducing vomiting or treating an animal for poison. You can read more information about what to do if your pet eats something toxic Click Here

• Hydrogen peroxide (3%) and Innovet STAT syringe. If your veterinarian instructs you to induce vomiting you can use hydrogen peroxide with Innovet STAT syringe. Hydrogen peroxide is also an excellent wound disinfectant. Read more information about inducing vomit in poisoned pets here:

• Digital Thermometer. To check your pet's temperature you should insert the thermometer in the rectum. Do not insert a thermometer in your pet's mouth.

• Syringes without needles. You will need 3, 5 or 10 mL syringes without needles to give oral medications to your pet. You can also use Innovet Silicone Tipped Soft Syringes to give medications to your pets. Syringes are also useful to flush wounds with water or saline solution.

• Muzzle. You can use a rope, necktie, soft cloth, nylon stocking or a small towel to muzzle your pet. Do not muzzle a vomiting pet.

About the author:
Dr. Stephanie Flansburg-Cruz practices mixed animal veterinary medicine and she has a special interest in shelter medicine and animal welfare. Stephanie enjoys volunteering at local animal shelters, reading, writing and traveling.

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). Pet first aid supplies checklist. Retrieved from:

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