There are a lot of exciting new full spectrum hemp products popping up on up the pet healthcare scene every day. You might know full spectrum hemp better as CBD or PCR oil.
But all these new CBD products are creating a lot of confusion, and many are left wondering which CBD product is right for their pets.
There is one important difference between CBD products, and you need to know what that is before you give your pets CBD. This important difference is your control of the dosage and ensuring that your pet is getting the correct dose of CBD oil.
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What is Hemp CBD Oil / What Are CBD Products
Full spectrum hemp extract - more commonly known as CBD oil or simply CBD - contains hundreds of compounds called phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and other essential oils all dissolved into a carrier oil such as hemp seeds or coconut.
CBD or cannabidiol is just one of many compounds that come together to deliver a synergy of effects. Other prominent phytocannabinoids in hemp include cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabichromene (CBC).
While humans have the option of CBD products that only contain cannabidiol, pets do not.
However, due to CBD isolates limited effects and tricky dosing nature, isolates for humans are becoming less and less popular with many CBD companies only offering full spectrum hemp products these days.
Is CBD Legal
CBD when derived from hemp plants with 0.3% THC or less - termed industrial hemp - are legal federally under the Agricultural Act of 2018, more commonly known as the Farm Bill. You’ll want to check with your individual state as they may have their own restrictions, however, we ship to every state in the U.S. at Innovet Pet.
CBD Oil For Pet Pain
With age comes pain for all animals and that’s just a fact of life, but that pain doesn’t mean we shouldn’t roll over and let it ruin our pets’ lives. One of the things pet owners are finding out about CBD is that’s really great for reducing pain regardless of the source. But first what is pain?
Well, there are several different types of pain:
- Short term pain usually due to tissue damage (broken bones, surgery, cuts) that lasts less than six months.
- Long-term pain that often lasts for years. Source of pain can be difficult to determine, but regardless, chronic pain is debilitating and lowers quality of life.
- One of the two main types of pain. Neuropathic pain results from nerve damage or dysfunction (diabetes, infections, central nervous, etc.) More often than not results in chronic pain.
- The other main type of pain. Occurs when nociceptive receptors on the skin and internal organs are stimulated (cuts, injury, etc.) and send signals to the brain. Usually, the pain is acute, but can become chronic - usually due inflammation as seen in arthritis.
When it comes to pain, inflammation and nerve damage are the two big culprits that take it from a normal random occurrence to a life debilitating disease. But this actually tells us why hemp CBD products loaded with compounds called phytocannabinoids help so much with pain.
Like us, a dog's nervous and immune system contains a high number of cannabinoid receptors that help stabilize and regulate the systems.
Within the immune system, cannabinoid receptors help the body reign in inflammation, ensuring a healthy immune response. In the nervous system, cannabinoid receptors can reset signals that are corrupted by a damaged nerve before they hit the brain.
What happens with nerve damage is a communication signal comes across said nerve which changes it to a signal that tells the brain it’s experiencing pain even though it’s not.
In both cases, normally the brain would produce enough endocannabinoids to trigger the receptors for this natural ebb-and-flow of regulation to occur, but sometimes too much stress can prevent this from happening.
Thankfully, researchers are pretty confident that cannabinoids in hemp can help correct a endocannabinoid deficiency.
CBD Oil For Dog Anxiety
If you have a dog, you can probably point to something that makes them anxious. Maybe it’s anxiety due to storms, people outside, or you leaving the house. Anxiety ain’t fun and treating it is often tricky. Behavioral training is the ultimate cure but takes a while to kick in and doesn’t provide that much needed short-term relief.
For short-term relief, there is a slew of drugs - though many can take up to a month to start working. Many pet owners don’t like them because they can cause undesirable effects like sedation or changes in mood.
Quicker relief, without changes in mood or sedation, are a few of the reasons many owners are now using hemp CBD to help their dog’s anxiety.
Many dogs see their anxiety calm down within the first dose or so - sometimes a week is needed for maximum results. The heavy majority of dogs will not see any sedative effects unless they are given what’s considered a large dose for their weight group.
CBD For Dog Cancer
For many pet owners, hemp has been a powerful tool in helping their dog recover from cancer. While it is true phytocannabinoids in hemp have been shown to have antitumor effects, more research needs to be done to show the extent.
CBD hemp shines, however, in with helping your pet cope with the side effects that come from cancer treatments like chemotherapy. With all the reports of CBD helping with inflammation, pain, nausea, appetite, and stress, it has a chance to replace a cocktail of drugs normally prescribed to treat each side effect.
CBD Side Effects
Research shows that CBD has a very mild side effect profile with most dogs seeing no issues whatsoever. However, there are side effects that you need to know about.
CBD tinctures, treats, and so on will all have the same side effects - the one exception is CBD topicals as they only come in contact with the skin and are not ingested. For topicals, an allergic reaction is the one side effect that is known to occur.
For forms that are administered orally, the most common side effects are stomach discomfort, nausea, and diarrhea. Lethargy may be seen when too much is given, but a lower dose should solve the problem.
In rare cases, some dogs and people are sensitive to certain cannabinoids in hemp and will feel tired even with low dosages.
Really, there is only one side effect that most people considered warrants any worry and that’s CBD’s ability to inhibit Cytochrome P450 enzymes in the liver and delay them from breaking down certain medication.
If your pet is on a dosage-sensitive medication and this is a concern, please check out the below sections “What You Need To Know About Dosing CBD” and” Dosing With CBD Oil” for more information.
Can Humans Eat CBD Dog Treats / Can My Dog Eat My CBD Edibles
Our Hemp Dog Treats and Soft Chews are human grade, and technically we can’t stop you from eating them. We don’t recommend giving your dog human edibles because they’ll likely have too high of a dosage for your pet and will make them tired.
Can Humans Take Pet CBD Oil and Vice Versa
Unlike edibles that have one-size-fits-all dosages making human edibles inappropriate for dogs, CBD tinctures and oils come with a dropper that allows you to take or administer very small dosages.
As long as you follow the dosage recommendation based on your pet’s weight, there should be no difference between pet and human CBD oils. Human CBD oils are usually more concentrated/potent and may have more flavor options, but that’s it.
What You Need To Know About Dosing CBD
First, most dogs are perfectly fine with a CBD dosage in a general ballpark such as you get with treats and chews.
However, CBD is commonly used to treat epilepsy, and it owes much of its popularity to it. But, CBD can interact and deactivate CYP enzymes in the liver, and these enzymes are responsible for metabolizing anti-seizures medication along with many other pharmaceuticals.
Because of this, precise dosing needs to occur to ensure CBD does not affect the metabolization of these drugs.
We point out epilepsy in particular, and this is due to rare instances where seizures temporarily increased when first starting CBD oil.
There's another study that looks at CBD interaction with the blood thinning drug Warfarin, and saw CBD raised International Normalized Ratio (INR) levels as well.
This may seem alarming, and without care it is. But don’t run away from CBD just yet. When these same studies saw this issue, they did not conclude by saying you should stop CBD use.
This is due to those same studies discovering that once a precise CBD dose was found, levels and seizure rates returned to normal before eventually decreasing.
As well, the test subject’s were able to lower the dosage of their pharmaceuticals, which lowered side effects radically improving patient's health.
Dosing With CBD Oil
If your pet is on medication metabolized in the liver, then CBD oil is your best option. CBD oil allows you to make precise and small incremental changes in your pet's dose and this is a big advantage over treats.
We offer two different concentrations amounts: 125mg, and 750mg, and one drop from each is 0.09mg and 0.54mg respectively.
When first giving CBD start small .022mg/lb. As most studies that have seen CYP interaction, don’t see it occur until high dosages. With some treats, it’s easy to give a small dog enough CBD in one treat to cause notable CYP interaction.
Now, our two studies above found a different story and saw that raising CBD dosage was the appropriate answer. Both studies showed that CBD raised seizures rates and INR levels by deactivating CYP enzymes before increases CBD’s dose.
That might seem odd, but we believe this occurs because in very rare cases, body chemistry allows CBD to easily deactivate CYP enzymes at dosage levels too low for CBD’s anticonvulsant and other therapeutic properties to effectively work.
However, CBD has overwhelmingly proven in multiple studies that it is a safe and effective treatment for a number of illnesses, and often allows the use of other dangerous medication to be lowered and stopped.
Body chemistry plays a large part in determining what your pet’s precise dose will be or if they will even need one. Again, it’s still best to start small and work with your veterinarian if you see any issues. You most likely will not, but even if there is a 1% we want you to know about it.
Dosing With Treats and Chews
Dog treats and chews are a fantastic way to easily give your pet their hemp medication without making it feel like you’re giving them a supplement. Just follow these helpful tips, and you’ll be on your way. You’ll want to check out our calculator to figure out a general dosage range that is reasonable for your pet. Remember you’re dosage is going to be in a ballpark because treats are one size fits all by default. It’s completely fine if you’re giving them more than they need. You might see some tiredness and your wallet emptying faster, but that’s about it.
We don’t want to see you wasting your money, so we give you multiple treats and chews options that are perfect for small, medium and large pets. Let’s look at which treat option is best for your pet.
In this scenario, you have a 40lb dog. 0.068mg/lb is the average/common dose so your pup’s preferred dose would most likely be around 2.72mg. Our hemp treats for medium and large dogs includes dogs 40lbs and up, and each treat has 4mg of organic hemp extract. So you’re giving them a little more than what they probably need. However, you most likely will not see any side effects as 5.4mg is the recommended high dose for a 40lb dog. But even this is still a fairly low dose in terms of side effects.Your other option is our Soft Hemp Chews for small pets at 2 mg per treat. A little less than what they might need, but you can always give them a second chew if you feel they do better with a higher dose.
All of our hemp product use the same great high-quality full-spectrum hemp extract grown free from pesticides with no additives in sight. CBD oil is great for precise dosing and more serious medical conditions. While treats and chews are great for delivering health on the go and as a bonus, your pet will feel like they are being rewarded.
For more information on Hemp Products for Pets, click here!